Seizures Disorder: Symptoms, Signs, Epilepsy, And The Different Types

Seizures are not to be taken lightly. A seizure disorder is a chronic condition, and it can’t be cured. However, the treatment can help reduce the frequency of seizures and minimize their symptoms. In this article, we break down everything you need to know about types of seizures and what happens when someone has one.

What are seizures meaning?

An uncontrolled, unexpected electrical disruption of the brain is known as a seizure. It can cause a change in behavior or consciousness. Seizures are a symptom of many different conditions, including epilepsy, stroke, and head injury.

What are seizure symptoms?

Seizure symptoms can vary depending on the type of seizure. Some common symptoms include: 

  1. loss of consciousness, 
  2. muscle rigidity, 
  3. shaking, 
  4. twitching, and 
  5. convulsions. 

Other Symptoms

Seizures can last for a few seconds or up to a few minutes. If someone has a seizure that lasts longer than five minutes, it is considered an emergency and they should be taken to the hospital immediately.

Some people with seizures only have one in their lifetime. Others have them frequently. If you have frequent seizures, you may have epilepsy.

Seizures can be frightening. But they usually are not life-threatening. With treatment, most people with seizures can lead normal lives.

Seizures Causes

Types of seizures

There are many different types of seizures, and it is important to know which type you or your loved one has in order to best manage the condition. Here is a brief overview of the most common types of seizures:

1/3. Generalized Seizures 

These seizures affect the entire brain and can cause loss of consciousness. There are six types of generalized seizures: absence (petit mal) seizures, myoclonic seizures, clonic seizures, tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures, atonic seizures, and status epilepticus.

1. Absence (petit mal) seizures

These seizures usually last for a few seconds and don’t involve any physical movement. However, they can still be disruptive and cause problems with learning and memory.

2. Myoclonic seizures

myoclonic seizures are a type of seizure that affects muscle groups. They can cause the person to jerk their body or limbs, and sometimes the person may fall to the ground. Myoclonic seizures often occur in clusters, meaning that a person may have multiple seizures within a short period of time. People with this type of seizure may still be aware of their surroundings and may be able to perform some voluntary movements, such as walking or talking.

3. Clonic seizures

Clonic seizures involve the muscles of the body contracting and relaxing in a rhythmic way. This can happen in any part of the body but is most often seen in the face, neck, and arms. During a clonic seizure, a person may lose consciousness and fall to the ground.

4. Tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures

Tonic-clonic seizures are the most severe type of seizure and can cause convulsions, loss of consciousness, and possibly injury. The person may fall to the ground and their body will stiffen. Their breathing will also become shallow and their eyes will roll back in their head. This type of seizure usually lasts for a minute or two. Afterward, the person may be confused and tired.

5. Atonic seizures

Atonic seizures, also called “drop attacks,” can cause a sudden loss of muscle tone. This can cause the head to drop suddenly, or the body to collapse. Atonic seizures usually last less than 15 seconds. They often occur without warning and can be frightening.

6. Status epilepticus

Status epilepticus is a potentially life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. It is characterized by continuous or recurrent seizures that last for more than five minutes. This can lead to brain damage and even death if not treated immediately. Status epilepticus can be caused by many different things, including head injuries, stroke, drug abuse, and certain medical conditions.

2/3. Partial Seizures

There are many different types of seizures, but partial seizures are the most common. Partial seizures occur when there is seizure activity in one specific area of the brain. Symptoms can vary depending on the part of the brain that is affected but may include changes in vision, muscle twitching, and changes in sensation. 

Partial seizures can progress to full-blown epilepsy, so it is important to get treatment as soon as possible. They can be further divided into two categories: simple partial and complex partial.

Simple partial seizures do not cause loss of consciousness, while complex partial seizures do.

3/3. Epilepsy

types of seizures - epilepsy
Epilepsy Seizure Disorder | Image by Freepik

This the most common type of seizure disorder, and it is defined as having two or more unprovoked seizures. Seizures can be caused by many things, including genetics, head injuries, stroke, and brain tumors. There are many different types of seizures, and they can range from mild to severe. Severe seizures can cause loss of consciousness, convulsions, and even death.

Epilepsy symptoms:

  1. loss of consciousness
  2. Anxiety
  3. Staring
  4. weakness

Warning signs of a seizure

There are many warning signs of a seizure, and it is important to be aware of them so that you can seek medical help if necessary. Some common signs include:

Uncontrollable shaking or jerking movements

Loss of consciousness

Confusion or disorientation

Strange sensations, such as a feeling of electricity or “pins and needles”

Changes in vision

Aura, or warning sign before the seizure

Epilepsy: Risk factors


It is important to remember that seizures are a symptom of an underlying neurological disorder and are not a disease in and of themselves. If your child is having seizures, it is important to consult with a medical professional to determine the cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan. 

There are many different types of seizures and each type has its own set of symptoms and signs. Some types of seizures may be more serious than others and may require more aggressive treatment. If you suspect that your child is having a seizure, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

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